The Use of Non-Caloric Sweeteners in the Last Years
San Antonio, TX, According to the article A current and global review of sweeteners; regulatory aspects, published in Nutrición Hospitalaria, 2013, the term “sweetener” refers to those food additives which are able to simulate the sweetness of sugar and which usually provide less energy. Some are natural origin extracts whilst others are synthetic or artificial sweeteners. The use of non-caloric sweeteners, as a substitute for the whole or part of the sugar content in food and drink, has experienced its biggest growth over the past 35 years.
The article says that 77% of the calories consumed in USA, from 2005 until 2009, contain caloric sweeteners; however, there is a trend toward consuming non- caloric sweeteners, but it is still vital to conduct extensive research and to take a strict regulatory approach on these issues.
According to the article, obesity has become one of the biggest global health challenges. The considerable increase in sugary drink consumption in the USA and other countries is regarded as a potential contributor to the obesity pandemic.
Several randomized and controlled studies have been published in which provides a basis on which to promote the development of health recommendations and government/political decisions aimed at limiting sugary drink consumption. In these studies the use of sugar was limited, substituting it for lower-calorie sweeteners. Interventions of this kind, if proven safe and effective, could help to prevent people from becoming obese. Therefore, and from the perspective of sweetener consumption, survey data confirms that non-caloric sweeteners are being used with a view to reducing the total caloric intake, promote weight loss and/or prevent tooth decay.
However consumers are also concerned about the risk associated with their use, such as ‘artificial or natural’ elements and whether they pose a risk to health.
One of the natural-origin sweeteners that has been authorized in several countries is steviaextract.
Following the EFSA’s favorable opinion use of stevia derivatives, steviol glycosides, were finally approved as a natural non-caloric sweetener throughout the European market. They can be used as food additives and thereby provide a healthy and natural alternative for sweetening foods, especially for those who wish to stay in shape, for example: flavoured drinks or diet foods designed for weight control.
García Almeida, J.M. Gracia M.ª Casado Fdez. and J. García Alemán: A current and global review of sweeteners; regulatory aspects. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 2013.
SVETIA® Calorie – Free Sweetener is made with cane sugar and stevia extract. One packet of SVETIA® contains only one gram of carbohydrates. People with diabetes are advised to check with their registered dietitian or physician.